Read The Galapagos Islands by Charles Darwin Free Online
Book Title: The Galapagos Islands|
The author of the book: Charles Darwin
ISBN 13: 9780146001444
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 910 KB
Date of issue: August 1st 1996
Read full description of the books:Excerpts from Darwins Voyage of the Beagle, touching on the Galapagos Islands and Tahiti, published as a Penguin 60s Classic. (I have also read the Penguin Little Black Classic It was snowing butterflies, which is also excerpts from that book.)
I really enjoyed this, and found this selection less cumbersome than It was snowing butterflies which was a bit wordy.
Darwin explains things in good detail, touching on an array of interesting things and he is generous with crediting others in the information he provides (he quotes Humboldt a bit in this).
In Galapagos, he touches on the volcanic geology, the general character of the vegetation, various birds, the two giant tortoise breeds, marine lizards, other reptiles, and the fearlessness of the animals in their contact with humans.
Tahiti also gets a positive review - especially for the native men, the women not so much "I was much disappointed in the personal appearance of the women; they are far inferior in every respect to the men." P38.
Read information about the authorCharles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist, eminent as a collector and geologist, who proposed and provided scientific evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from common ancestors through the process he called natural selection. The fact that evolution occurs became accepted by the scientific community and the general public in his lifetime, while his theory of natural selection came to be widely seen as the primary explanation of the process of evolution in the 1930s, and now forms the basis of modern evolutionary theory. In modified form, Darwin’s scientific discovery remains the foundation of biology, as it provides a unifying logical explanation for the diversity of life.
Darwin developed his interest in natural history while studying medicine at Edinburgh University, then theology at Cambridge. His five-year voyage on the Beagle established him as a geologist whose observations and theories supported Charles Lyell’s uniformitarian ideas, and publication of his journal of the voyage made him famous as a popular author. Puzzled by the geographical distribution of wildlife and fossils he collected on the voyage, Darwin investigated the transmutation of species and conceived his theory of natural selection in 1838. Although he discussed his ideas with several naturalists, he needed time for extensive research and his geological work had priority. He was writing up his theory in 1858 when Alfred Russel Wallace sent him an essay which described the same idea, prompting immediate joint publication of both of their theories.
His 1859 book On the Origin of Species established evolution by common descent as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature. He examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. His research on plants was published in a series of books, and in his final book, he examined earthworms and their effect on soil.
In recognition of Darwin’s pre-eminence, he was one of only five 19th century UK non-royal personages to be honoured by a state funeral, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, close to John Herschel and Isaac Newton.
(Arabic: تشارلز داروين)
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