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Ebook Sämtliche Dramen by Albert Camus read! Book Title: Sämtliche Dramen
The author of the book: Albert Camus
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Language: English
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 39.31 MB
Edition: Rowohlt
Date of issue: September 2013

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Albert Camus ist mit seinen Dramen zu einem modernen Klassiker geworden. Bis heute werden sie an deutschsprachigen Bühnen aufgeführt; entstanden sind sie zwischen 1938 und 1959.

«Caligula», Camus’ erstes Drama, ist eine Tragödie über den von Machtwillen beherrschten Caligula. «Das Missverständnis» schildert das verhängnisvolle Verhalten eines Mannes, der wegen seines Geldes sein Leben verliert.
«Der Belagerungszustand» ist eine Art allegorischen Schauspiels. Hier geht es um eines der zentralen Themen Camus’: den Kampf um die Freiheit.
In «Die Gerechten» hingegen zeigt Camus an einem Fall aus der russischen Geschichte die Grenzen menschlichen Handelns auf.
«Die Besessenen» entstand nach Dostojewskis Roman «Die Dämonen» und setzt sich mit der Figur des Revolutionärs Schigalew auseinander.
Zum ersten Mal auf Deutsch wird hier «Das Impromptu der Philosophen» veröffentlicht – unter Pseudonym geschrieben, in Frankreich selbst erst 2006 entdeckt –, in dem Camus Jean-Paul Sartre auf die Schippe nimmt.
Ein Irrer erklärt einem ehrbaren Bürger die Absurdität des Lebens.
Der Band wird abgeschlossen mit einer Bearbeitung von Pedro Calderón de la Barcas Stück «Die Liebe zum Kreuz», einer Familientragödie um Vater, Bruder und Schwester.

Einen «Humanisten auf der Bühne» nennt der Übersetzer Hinrich Schmidt-Henkel in seinem schönen Nachwort den französischen Autor und erklärt damit dessen Aktualität.

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Ebook Sämtliche Dramen read Online! Albert Camus (1913-1960) was a representative of non-metropolitan French literature. His origin in Algeria and his experiences there in the thirties were dominating influences in his thought and work. Of semi-proletarian parents, early attached to intellectual circles of strongly revolutionary tendencies, with a deep interest in philosophy (only chance prevented him from pursuing a university career in that field), he came to France at the age of twenty-five. The man and the times met: Camus joined the resistance movement during the occupation and after the liberation was a columnist for the newspaper Combat. But his journalistic activities had been chiefly a response to the demands of the time; in 1947 Camus retired from political journalism and, besides writing his fiction and essays, was very active in the theatre as producer and playwright (e.g., Caligula, 1944). He also adapted plays by Calderon, Lope de Vega, Dino Buzzati, and Faulkner's Requiem for a Nun. His love for the theatre may be traced back to his membership in L'Equipe, an Algerian theatre group, whose "collective creation" Révolte dans les Asturies (1934) was banned for political reasons.

The essay Le Mythe de Sisyphe (The Myth of Sisyphus), 1942, expounds Camus's notion of the absurd and of its acceptance with "the total absence of hope, which has nothing to do with despair, a continual refusal, which must not be confused with renouncement - and a conscious dissatisfaction". Meursault, central character of L'Étranger (The Stranger), 1942, illustrates much of this essay: man as the nauseated victim of the absurd orthodoxy of habit, later - when the young killer faces execution - tempted by despair, hope, and salvation. Dr. Rieux of La Peste (The Plague), 1947, who tirelessly attends the plague-stricken citizens of Oran, enacts the revolt against a world of the absurd and of injustice, and confirms Camus's words: "We refuse to despair of mankind. Without having the unreasonable ambition to save men, we still want to serve them". Other well-known works of Camus are La Chute (The Fall), 1956, and L'Exil et le royaume (Exile and the Kingdom), 1957. His austere search for moral order found its aesthetic correlative in the classicism of his art. He was a stylist of great purity and intense concentration and rationality.


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