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Book Title: Horác|
The author of the book: George Sand
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 874 KB
Date of issue: 1974
Read full description of the books:In Horace, which was motivated by a quarrel between author George Sand and fellow novelist Marie d'Agoult, Sand portrays her friend in a most unflattering manner as the vain and peevish Vicomtesse Leonie de Cahilly. The unfolding of the plot shows the Vicountess Cahilly as flagrantly amoral, egotistical and vindictive, an indifferent mother and un unfaithful wife who indulges herself in numerous affairs, and eventually wreaks petty revenge on the title character, the feckless Latin Quarter dandy Horace Dumontet, by ruining his reputation in Parisian society through gossip and schemes. Of course, Horace is an unsympathetic character to begin with. He is so ruthless in his spending that all the money his devoted parents can spare him for his education goes straight to his vainglorious lifestyle in Paris. It's maddening to read about it.
Fortunately, the novel includes some much more sympathetic male characters such as narrator Theophile, a wise medical student of noble birth, and art student Paul Arsene. Sand also creates some likeable working-class women characters who stand up to the typical misogyny and irrational limitations placed on women of the time.
Though Sand's motivation may not have been entirely pure when she wrote Horace, she, nevertheless, came up with a very interesting and enjoyable novel about a tumultuous period in French history--two years after the 1830 July Monarchy-- when idealistic young men rose up against the Citizen King Louis Philippe and were crushed for their pains. (The same skirmishes are portrayed in Victor Hugo's Les Miserables). While Horace careens toward his inevitable comeuppance, the other more stolid characters triumph over seemingly unsurmontable odds. Don't worry about the unlikely coincidences that move the plot along. Just flow with Sand's wonderful writing style and enjoy.
Read information about the authorAmantine Aurore Lucile Dupin, later Baroness (French:baronne) Dudevant (1 July 1804 – 8 June 1876), best known by her pseudonym George Sand (French pronunciation: [ʒɔʁʒ sɑ̃d]), was a French novelist. She is considered by some a feminist although she refused to join this movement. She is regarded as the first French female novelist to gain a major reputation.
Sand's reputation came into question when she began sporting men's clothing in public — which she justified by the clothes being far sturdier and less expensive than the typical dress of a noblewoman at the time. In addition to being comfortable, Sand's male dress enabled her to circulate more freely in Paris than most of her female contemporaries could, and gave her increased access to venues from which women were often barred — even women of her social standing.
Also scandalous was Sand's smoking tobacco in public; neither peerage nor gentry had yet sanctioned the free indulgence of women in such a habit, especially in public (though Franz Liszt's paramour Marie D'Agoult affected this as well, smoking large cigars). These and other behaviors were exceptional for a woman of the early and mid-19th century, when social codes—especially in the upper classes—were of the utmost importance.
As a consequence of many unorthodox aspects of her lifestyle, Sand was obliged to relinquish some of the privileges appertaining to a baroness — though, interestingly, the mores of the period did permit upper-class wives to live physically separated from their husbands, without losing face, provided the estranged couple exhibited no blatant irregularity to the outside world.
Poet Charles Baudelaire was a contemporary critic of George Sand: "She is stupid, heavy and garrulous. Her ideas on morals have the same depth of judgment and delicacy of feeling as those of janitresses and kept women.... The fact that there are men who could become enamoured of this slut is indeed a proof of the abasement of the men of this generation."
However, other luminaries in the world of arts and letters did not necessarily agree with Baudelaire, a few quotes will suffice:
"She was a thinking bosom and one who overpowered her young lovers, all Sybil — a Romantic."
V.S. Pritchett (writer)
"What a brave man she was, and what a good woman."
Ivan Turgenev (novelist)
"The most womanly woman."
Alfred de Musset (poet)
George Sand died at Nohant, near Châteauroux, in France's Indre département on 8 June 1876, at the age of 71 and was buried in the grounds of her home there.
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