Read Svešinieks. Mēris. by Albert Camus Free Online


Ebook Svešinieks. Mēris. by Albert Camus read! Book Title: Svešinieks. Mēris.
The author of the book: Albert Camus
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Language: English
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 785 KB
Edition: Zvaigzne
Date of issue: 1989

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“Svešinieks” ir ne tikai viens no lasītākajiem 20. gadsimta stāstiem, bet arī viena no grāmatām, kas savu gadsimtu izdzīvo; klasisks eksistenciālisma darbs, kas ietekmējis daudzus Kamī laikabiedrus.
Uzrakstīts 1946. gadā, Kamī stāstījums par neapmierināto un acīmredzami amorālo jauno vīrieti ir ieguvis ilgstošu popularitāti un vietu daudzu pasaules augstskolu literatūras un filozofijas kursos. Atsvešinātība, laikmeta nemiers, bailes no anonimitātes, garīgās šaubas – to visu iever grāmatas vienkāršā sižeta līnija. Jauns, ar savas dzīves bezmērķīgumu un inertumu nomocīts alžīrietis tiek iejaukts sīkās vietējā sutenera intrigās, kas beidzas ar cilvēka nogalināšanu. Viņš tiek apcietināts un notiek absurds tiesas process, kura uzmanības lokā ir ne tik daudz slepkavība, kā paša rakstura nepilnības.

Albērs Kamī pievēršas cilvēka esamībai pasaulē, personiskajiem pārdzīvojumiem, indivīda brīvībai, atsvešināšanās problēmai. Viņa darbos dzīve ir bezcerīgs nejaušību haoss, sabiedrība – bezpersonisks absurds. Cilvēki ir ne vien atbildīgi par to, kā viņu rīcība skar citus, bet arī vienīgi paši spējīgi šai ziņā savu rīcību tiesāt.

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Ebook Svešinieks. Mēris. read Online! Albert Camus (1913-1960) was a representative of non-metropolitan French literature. His origin in Algeria and his experiences there in the thirties were dominating influences in his thought and work. Of semi-proletarian parents, early attached to intellectual circles of strongly revolutionary tendencies, with a deep interest in philosophy (only chance prevented him from pursuing a university career in that field), he came to France at the age of twenty-five. The man and the times met: Camus joined the resistance movement during the occupation and after the liberation was a columnist for the newspaper Combat. But his journalistic activities had been chiefly a response to the demands of the time; in 1947 Camus retired from political journalism and, besides writing his fiction and essays, was very active in the theatre as producer and playwright (e.g., Caligula, 1944). He also adapted plays by Calderon, Lope de Vega, Dino Buzzati, and Faulkner's Requiem for a Nun. His love for the theatre may be traced back to his membership in L'Equipe, an Algerian theatre group, whose "collective creation" Révolte dans les Asturies (1934) was banned for political reasons.

The essay Le Mythe de Sisyphe (The Myth of Sisyphus), 1942, expounds Camus's notion of the absurd and of its acceptance with "the total absence of hope, which has nothing to do with despair, a continual refusal, which must not be confused with renouncement - and a conscious dissatisfaction". Meursault, central character of L'Étranger (The Stranger), 1942, illustrates much of this essay: man as the nauseated victim of the absurd orthodoxy of habit, later - when the young killer faces execution - tempted by despair, hope, and salvation. Dr. Rieux of La Peste (The Plague), 1947, who tirelessly attends the plague-stricken citizens of Oran, enacts the revolt against a world of the absurd and of injustice, and confirms Camus's words: "We refuse to despair of mankind. Without having the unreasonable ambition to save men, we still want to serve them". Other well-known works of Camus are La Chute (The Fall), 1956, and L'Exil et le royaume (Exile and the Kingdom), 1957. His austere search for moral order found its aesthetic correlative in the classicism of his art. He was a stylist of great purity and intense concentration and rationality.


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